Hyaluronic Acid has a tremendous ability to bind H2O by Andrea Shaw

Collagen and elastin fibrils intertwine throughout the reticular layer.  Both of these fibers are made of protein and are examples of connective tissue.  Collagen is not flexible and gives skin its firmness and an ability to stretch very much.

Next to H20, collagen is the most abundant substance in the skin.  There are about 16 different types of collagen.  The two types that are most important to the skin are type I, which makes up most of the fibrils in the reticular dermis, and type IV, which is present in the area between the dermis and the epidermis.  Collagen is manufactured by fibroblasts, specialized cells that produce these long molecules of amino acids.  Elastin is the fibrous structure that gives skin elasticity and the ability to “bounce back.”  The elastin and collagen fibrils are immersed in a jelly-like fluid (grand substance), which is made of glycosaminoglyans (GAGS).  GAGS are carb chains known as poly-saccharides.  One of these components is hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid has a tremendous ability to bind H20, holding up to 1,000 times its own weight in H20.  This gives more structure  and stability to the dermis and cushions the fibrils and the high water content allos for better communication between cells.

We’ll have more on this later.